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历年四级名词题解析

2018-04-16 10:58 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
      名词是大学英语四级考试中对词汇考查的重要内容之一。因为名词在大学英语基本词汇中所占比例很大,而且英语名词的同义词和近义词很多,所以对名词考查的主要项目是名词意义辨析,此外还有名词与介词的搭配,动词与名词的搭配,以及名词的单复数等。下面是近几年来大学英语四级考试涉及名词的真题解析。
      1.These books, which you can get at any bookshop,will give you ____ you
      need.
      ABs CDall
     
     
      2.The clothes a person wears may express his ______ or social position.
      ACuriosity B Cdetermination Dsignificance
     
      7. times,when fresh meat was in short _________,pigeons were
      as a source of food.
      Astore Bprovision Creserve Dsupply
     
      8.The tomato juice left a brown _________ on the front of my jacket.
      Atrack Btrace Cspot Dpoint
     
      9.My father seemed to be in no _____________ to look at my school
      report.
      Afeeling Battitude Cemotion Dmood
     
      10.He gives people the impression ____________ all his life abroad.
      Aof having spent Bto hay spent Cof being spent Dto spend
     
      11.A peculiarly pointed chin is his most memorable facial __________ .
      Amark Bfeature Ctrace Dappearance
     
      12. Does everyone on earth have an equal right ______ an equal share of
      its resources?
      Aby Bat Cto Dover
     
      13. Over a third of the population was estimated to have no _________ to
      the health service.
      A assessment B assignment C exception D
     
      14. Professor Taylor's talk has indicated that science has a very strong
      _____ on the everyday life of non-scientists as well as scientists.
      A motivation B perspective C impression D impact
     
      15. The manager spoke highly of such ______ as loyalty, courage and
      truthfulness shown by his employees.
      A virtues B features C properties D characteristics
     
      who do not go out to work often feel they are not working
      to their full ___________.
      A capacity B strength C length D possibility
     
      17. The newspaper did not mention the ______ by thefire.
      A range B level C extent D quantity
     
      18. The traditional approach ______ problems is to break
      them down into smaller, more easily managed problems.
      A to dealing B in dealing C dealing D to deal
     
      19.Shelly had prepared carefully for her biology examination so that she
      could be sure of passing it on her first _______.
      Aintention Battempt Cpurpose Ddesire
     
      20. Lightning is a ______ of electrical current from a cloud to the
      ground or from one cloud to another.
      A B rainbow C rack D ribbon
     
      21. I caught a ______ of the taxi before it disappeared around the
      corner of the street.
      A vision B glimpse C look D scene
     
      22. The manager lost his ______ his secretary was ten
      minutes late.
      A mood B temper Cmind D passion
     
     
      1.这些书会提供你所需要的所有信息,它们可以在任何书店买到。
      A
      是不可数名词,没有复数形式,故B、D本身是错误的。又因为all of
      后面接不可数名词时,名词前须有定冠词,C也不可选。只能选A。
      2.一个人的衣着可以表示他的身份或社会地位。
      B
      Acuriosity好奇心,求知欲;B身份,地位;Cdetermination
      决心;Dsignificance意义,重要性。根据题意应选B。另外,or后面的socialposition实际上是对前面并列的的解释,也是一个重要的选项线索。 3.尼亚加拉瀑布是一个令人向往 的旅游胜地,每年都吸引数以百万的游客。
      Aattraction意为“注意;B at
      traction意思是“具有吸引力的人或物”,可引申为“胜地”;Cappointment意为“约会;Darrangement意为“安排”。根据句意,正确的答案是B。尼亚加拉瀑布是一处“旅游点”,而不是一种“出游安排”。故不能选D。 4. 大量的蚂蚁老是进入我的厨房,蚂蚁是非常令人讨厌的东西。
      Anuisance
      Anuisance意为“令人讨厌的人”;Btrouble意为“麻烦,苦恼”符合题意要求。 其他三个名词都不能形成be in no…搭配。
      10.他给人的印象是他这一辈子都是在国外生活的。
      Aof having spent
      名词impression后要接of而不是to,故先可排除B和D;另外,根据常见搭配spend one's
      life,故应用主动形式,所以A是正确答案。
      11.独特的尖下巴是他最令人难忘的面部特征。
      Bfeature
      注意原句中的两个形容词:
      memorable和facial。然后再从四个选项中挑出可以被“令人难忘”和“面部的”修饰的名词。四个名词的意义分别是:Amark标记,记号;Bfeature特征;Ctrace痕迹,踪迹;Dappearance外貌,外表。唯
      有B最合题意。
      12.对于地球的资源,地球上的每 一个人是否都享有同等的权利?
      Cto
      本题是要求选择一适当介词, 与名词right搭配,四个介词中只有to可以。 “have a;Blevel“水平,程度”,指一个量表或序列中的位置;Cextent“程度’,theextentofthe
     damage意为“损失的程度”;Dquantity“数量”;根据本题句意,要表示的不是火灾的范围,水平和数量,而是火灾造成的损坏程度,C是正确答案。
     18.A;
     B]glimpse
     A]vision“视力,洞察力”;Bglimpse
     “一瞥”,catchaglimpse
     of瞥见……,这是一固定搭配;Clook“外观,脸色appearance;Dscene“景象view,something
     seen”,因此B是正确答案。
     22.B]temper
     Amood“心情、情绪”;Btemper“脾气、情绪”,loseone’s
     temper意为“发脾气、生气”;Cmind“头脑,精神,理智”,loseone’s
     mind意为“发疯,发狂;Dpassion“强烈的感情,热情”。根据以上分析,选项B符合题意。
     
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