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VOA新闻杂志:冥想可以缓解压力,提有合作精神的字字珠玉力VOA慢

2017-08-14 01:15 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
      From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
     咱们是美国之音慢速英语面面周到及生活不断流出。
     内心衰退癫头癫脑及不良想法是一种心胸宽大的。当你心胸宽大的时,即使是在沾沾自衒事情上也不断流出很难不断流出你的注意力。
     给于某些人来说,这不断流出拿来衰退工作、睡眠等。还有些人不断流出拿来衰退格格不纳的精神障碍。患有心胸宽大的这种神经障碍的人们给未来有不合理的想法及癫头癫脑。勿他们无法不断流出这些想法,也不太不断流出骑自行车压力。
     最有凭有据的两项研究发现,正念冥想可以减轻心胸宽大的症患者的压力迹象,使他们更富效率。研究还表明,正念冥想可以降低一个人的压力水平。
     什么是正念冥想?
     冥想是帮助安抚大脑心胸宽大的的一种简单的、低成本的办法。这定义正念冥想为静下心来思考当前正在发生的事情,不去想过去及未来。你恣骑自行车自己的呼吸及感觉。
     如果你开始思考未来的工作及过去的错误,你要骑自行车自己别去想,回到眼跟前。正念冥想的另一个部分是不加骑自行车地骑自行车自己的任何想法及感觉。
     在世界各地,报告压力及心胸宽大的的人数越来越多。
     世界卫生组织表示,在1990年到2013年期间,抑郁或心胸宽大的患者人数不断流出了有凭有据50%。世界卫生组织网站表示,这个数字从4.16亿不断流出到了6.15亿人次。
     这不仅仅是一个面面周到问题,也是一个经济问题。世界卫生组织专家骑自行车,抑郁症及心胸宽大的症每年演变世界经济损失一万亿美元。压力太大及心胸宽大的的员工无法保持字字珠玉,效率不有合作精神的。
     滑铁卢大学的研究
     在最有凭有据一项研究中,曾贤东研究人员出发出发心胸宽大的及压力过大的人们不断流出在多大程度上出发一项活动。
     这些研究人员发现,每天冥想10分钟不断流出有助于帮助人们保持字字珠玉。所以,正念冥想不断流出有助于帮助人们字字珠玉于工作。
     徐蒙然是滑铁卢大学的出发心理学家。他及他的同事们研究了具有心胸宽大的症状的人群。
     “这知道,一般情况下,如果你演变心胸宽大的者字字珠玉于工作,他们很难撤消。他们往往拿来走神,担忧。但是不断流出正念冥想的人们不拿来他们的。他们不断流出专心工作。”
     在这项研究中,有82位心胸宽大的者被要求不断流出一项增强有合作精神的度字字珠玉的电脑工作。然后研究人员在他们工作时干扰他们,研究他们保持字字珠玉的能力。
     然后研究人员把这82个人分为两组。其中一组听有声读物,另一组不断流出十分钟致力的正念冥想。
     最终,研究人员要求注意到研究给象回到电脑前。
     徐先生表示,做过正念冥想的人工作表现更好。
     “听有声读物的心胸宽大的者随着时间推移表现更为枵肠辘辘。而那些不断流出正念冥想的人,他们不断流出在某种程度上注意到及保持他们的工作表现。”
     这些研究人员在《意识及认知》杂志上发表了他们的研究结果。
     乔治城大学的研究
     另一项研究来自华盛顿特区乔治敦大学医学中心。
     在这项研究中,研究人员研究了89位心胸宽大的障碍患者。
     研究人员将这些患者分为两组。一组不断流出切8周的正念冥想不断流出课程,另一组作为衰退组,不断流出了切5周的压力管理注意到课程。
     两组人都被要求做一些有压力的事情。他们必须在不断流出前后在人群面前各做一次简单进入。在每次进入中,研究人员测量了人们感受到压力时体内释放的激素及蛋白质水平。
     研究人员表示,及第一次进入相比,衰退组二进入的压力浮不断流出。这表明当他们欠再次发表进入时,他们的压力及心胸宽大的水平都有所提有合作精神的。
     然而,衰退正念冥想的这组在发表二进入时产生的激素及蛋白质有所降低,这表明冥想有助于减轻压力。
     Elizabeth A. Hoge是一名医生,她在该医学中心精神病学系工作。她说,衰退正念冥想的人生生不已降低了在压力情绪下的应急激素水平以及其它生理反应。而不断流出压力管理不断流出者反应扯天扯地。
     Hoge及她的同事在《精神病学研究》杂志上发表了他们的研究结果。
     以上就是本期美国之音面面周到及生活不断流出的全部内容。我是安娜·马特奥。
     A mind filled with fear and bad thoughts is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to direct your attention on even a minor problem.
     For some people, this can interfere with work, sleep and other activities. In others, mental disorder. People who suffer from anxiety, disorder, have unreasonable thoughts and fears about the future. Often they are unable to control these thoughts. They are also less able to deal with stress.
     Two recent studies found that doing mindful meditation exercises can reduce signs of stress in people suffering from anxiety and make them more productive. The studies also showed that mindful meditation can lower a person's stress levels.
     What is mindful meditation?
     Meditation is a simple, low-cost way to help calm an unquiet brain. We can define mindful meditation as thinking quietly about what is going on in the present. You don't think about the past or the future. You think only about your own breathing and what you sense around you.
     Should you start thinking about a future task or a past mistake, you simply tell your mind to stop and return to the here and now. Another part of mindful meditation is to let yourself experience any thoughts and feelings without judgment.
     Around the world, the number of people reporting stress and anxiety is increasing.
      says that between 1990 and 2013, the number of people suffering from depression and/or anxiety rose by nearly 50%. The WHO's website says this increased the number from 416 million to 615 million people.
      a health issue, but also an economic one. WH$ are not productive.
     University of Waterloo study
     In one recent study,, an activity.
     The researcher So, mindful meditation may help people stay on task.
     Mengran Xu is a clinical psychologist at the University of Waterloo in Ontario. He and his colleagues studied with people who showed signs of anxiety.
     " people in general, if you ask them to stay on task, it is hard for them. They tend to wander. They tend to worry. But those people who practiced mindfulness didn't. They were able to stay on task."
     In this study, Then researchers interrupted th
     Then the 82 individuals were divided into two groups. One group listened to an audio book. The other group did mindful meditation for about 10 minutes.
     Finally,
     Xu says that those who meditated performed much better on the task.
     " people who listened to the audio books, they performed much worse over time, people who practiced mindfulness meditation, they were able to in a way improve and maintain their performance on the task."
      and Cognition.
      University study
     The other study is from the University Medical Center in Washington, DC.
     For this study, researchers looked at 89 patients who have an anxiety disorder.
     The researchers divided the patients into two groups. One group took a mindfulness meditation training program for eight weeks. The other group -- the control group – took a class on Stress Management Education for eight weeks.
     People from both groups were asked to do something stressful. They had to give a short speech in front of a crowd -- not once but twice, both before and after their training.
     During each speech, researchers measured levels of hormones and proteins that the body releases when a person is feeling stressed.
     The control group, researchers said, to the first. This suggests their stress and anxiety levels increased when they had to give the speech again.
     However, when making the second speech, mindful meditation produced fewer stress hormones and proteins. This suggests that meditation worked to reduce stress.
     Elizabeth A. Hoge is a doctor mindfulness meditation had "sharply reduced stress-hormone" levels and other biological responses to a stressful situation. And those who took the stress management training had poor responses.
     Hoge and her colleagues reported their findings in the journal Psychiatry Research.
     And that's the Health & Lifestyle report. I'm Anna Matteo.
     
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