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如何用好转折词

2018-04-11 04:03 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
      “They are wasting resources, for example, time, energy and money.”
     上面这句话不错,只是转折词“for example”不妥当;应该这样:
     “They are wasting resources. For example, too much time, energy and money.”
     不然就要换一换转折词,改用“such as”或“like”:
     “They are wasting resources, such as time, energy and money.”
     不管任何语言,转折词都扮演着一个重要角色,就是:承先启后,使句子紧凑,段落相吸,对文章结构,有良性作用。但是有些人几乎没有采用转折词的习惯,结果文句松散,上下文七零八乱,应该避免。
     现在把主要转折词,分类列下,供大家参考。
     Ⅰ表示“尤有进者”的意思:
     Again, also, then, besides, further, furthermore, moreover, next, in addition等,如:
     ① Jason teaches diligently. Besides, he writes a lot.
     ② language. For one thing, it is an official language in the UN. Then,, science and technology.
     Ⅱ表示“反意见”:
     But, however, still, yet, after all, for all that, in spite of, on the contrary, on the other hand等,如:
     ③ Jim is intelligent but lazy.
     ④ Singapore is not a big country.On the contrary, it is very small.
     Ⅲ表示“困果关系”:
     Therefore, so, hence,,, consequently, as a result 等,如:
     ⑤ Some people are over- As a result, unhappy.
     ⑥ Tom did not work hard; hence, he failed.
      Ⅳ表示“比较关系”:
     
     Likewise,similarly,inalikemanner等,如:
     
     ⑦Youcannotwriteswithoutapen.Likewise,youcannotcookwithoutrice.
     
     ⑧NooneisallowedtospeakMandarininanEnglishclass.Similarly,nooneisallowedtospeakEnglishinaMandarinclass.
     
     Ⅴ表示“举例示范”:
     
     Forexample,inotherwords,forinstance,thatis等,如:
     
     ⑨TherearesomeerrorsinhisForinstance,itiswrongto;'he'toreplace'thequeen'.
     
     Ⅵ表示“结束”:
     
     Tosumup,inbrief,inshort,onthewhole,toconclude等,如:
     
     ⑩SomesaySingaporeisaniceplacetolivein.Otherssayitisnotsonice.ItistooInshort,somelikeSingapore;somedonot.
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