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2018-04-26 05:25 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
      1?
     Itwasacold,rainyandwhollymiserableafternooninWashington,andahotmuggynightinMiami.ItwasSunday,andthreegameswereplayedinthetwocities.Thepeopleplayingthemandthepeoplewatchingthemtell;muchabouttheever?changingethnicstructureoftheUnitedStates.?
     ProfessionalfootballintheUnitedStatesisalmostwhollyplayedbynative?bornAmericancitizens,mostlyverylargeandverystrong,manyofthemblack.Itisagameofphysicalstrength.Linemenroutinelyweighmorethan300pounds.Playersarevaluedfortheirweightand,forhowfasttheycanrun,andhowhardtheycanhiteachother.Footballdrawsthebiggestcrowds,buttheteamsplayonlyonceaweek,;theygetsobattered.?
     The67,204fanswereinMiamiforthefinalgameofthebaseballWorldSeries.BaseballwasonceAmerica’sfavouritegame,buthaslostthatclaimtobasketball.?Baseballisagamethatrequiresstrength,butnothugeness.Agility,quickness,perfectvisionandquickreactionaremoreimportantthanpurestrength.BaseballwasonceapurelyAmericangame,buthasspreadaroundmuchoftheNewWorld.InthatSunday’sfinal,thefinalhitoftheextrainninggamewasdeliveredbyanativeofColumbia.TheMostValuablePlayerinthegamewasanativeofCuba.TherostersofbothteamswereawashwithHispanicnames,asisMiami,whichnowclaimstheWorldChampionshipisagamethatmaybelosingpopularityinAmerica,buthasgaineditinmuchoftherestoftheworld.BaseballinAmericahastakenonastrongHispanicflavor,withadashofJapaneseaddedforseasoning.?
     ,whichmanycountries;callfootball,isthemostwidelyenjoyedsportintheworld,In,whichmanycountries;callfootball,theethnictidehasbeenthereverseofbaseball’s.Untilrecently,professionalintheUnitedStateshavelargelybeenanimport,playedbySouthAmericansandEuropeans.Now,Americancitizensinlargenumbersarefinallytakingupthemostpopulargameintheworld.
     Basketball,anAmericaninventionincreasinglyplayedaroundtheworld,thesedaysdrawslargecrowdsbackhome.Likewise,hockey,agamelargelyimportedtotheUnitedStatesfromneighbouringCanada.Lacrosse,aversionofwhichwasplayedbyNativeAmericansbeforetheEuropeansarrived,isalsogainingakeennationalfollowing.?SportsofallkindsarewinningsupportfromAmericanarmchair;fromavarietyofethnicbackgrounds.?
     1.Whichofthefollowingcanreflecttheever?changingethnicstructureofAmerica?
     A.Sportsman.B.Audience.?
     C.Bothofthem.D.Noneofthem.?
     2.WhoplayprofessionalfootballintheUnitedStates?
     A.Native?bornAmericancitizens.?
     B.Europeans.?
     C.SouthAmericans.?
     D.BothBandC.?
     3.WhatisAmerica’sfavouritegame?
     A.Baseball.B.Basketball.?
     C.Professionalfootball.D..?
     4.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutistrue?
     A.Inandbasketball,theethnictideisdifferent.?
     B.Untilrecently,;animportantgame,somanynativeAmericansplayit.?
     C.Itisthemostpopulargameintheworld,somanyAmericancitizenstakeupit.
     D.Althoughisthemostpopulargameintheworld,Americancitizensinlargenumbersdonotlikeitfirst.?
     5.Theauthorofthepassagewantstotellthat____.?
     A.AmericanslikesportsandsportsrevealmuchaboutthechangingethnicstructureoftheUnitedStates?
     B.inWashington,severalgamesareplayedinoneday?
     C.Americanslikeallkindsofgames?
     D.theAmericangamesarewatchedbynative?Americansandplayedbypeoplefromdifferentcountries?
     2?
     Itmaybethelastbookyou’lleverbuy.Andcertainly,fromapracticalstandpoint,itwillbetheonlybookyou’lleverneed.No.It’snottheBibleorsomeNewAgetomepromisingenlightenment—althoughitwouldletyoucarryaroundbothtexts;It’sanelectronicbook—asinglevolumethatcouldcontainalibraryof;or,ifyourtastesruntowardwhat’scurrent,everytitleontoday’sbest?sellerlist.Andwhenyou’redonewiththose,youcouldrefillitwithnewtitles.?
     Whyanelectronicbook?canstoreatonofdataandtheirlaptopmakeallthat;portable.Trueenough.Butlaptopsandsimilarportable;devicesrequirealotofpower—andheavybatteries—tokeeptheirLCDscreensoperating.AndLCDsarenoteasytoreadinthebrightlightofthesun.?
     Factis,whenittoportability,easyviewing,andlowpowerrequirements,it’shardtobeatplainoldpaper.?
     Solet’smaketheinkelectronic.?
     That’sthedeceptivelysimplepremisebehindaprojectcurrentlytofruitionatthe;InstituteofTechnology.Somehurdles—mostlyhavingtodowithlarge?scalemanufacturing—remain,soitwillbeafewyearsbeforeyouseeanelectronicbookforsaleinstores.Butthebasictechnologyalreadyexists,developedattheInstitute’sMediaLabbyateamledbyphysicistJoeJacobson.?Thankstoelectronicink,thebookessentiallytypesetsitself,receivinginstructionsforeachpageviaelectronics;inthespine.Fromapowerstandpoint,thisprocessmakestheelectronicbookveryefficient.UnlikeanLCDscreen,which;powerallthetime,energyisnolongerneededtoviewtheelectronicbook’spagesoncetheyaretypeset.Onlyasmallbatterywouldberequired,asopposedtothelargeonesneededtopowerlaptopandtheirLCDs.?
     Convenience,though,isstillthemainattraction—andthatmeansmorethansimpleportability.;the;isinelectronicform,itcanbeeasilymanipulated.?
     Jacobsonthinksanelectronicbookwillbeaffordable—around$200forabasicread?onlymodeltoabout$400foronethatwouldrecordyourmarginscribbles.Somehurdlesremain,though,beforeyoucantakeanelectronicbookwithyouanywhere.Paperisproducedinlongsheets,andJacobsonisstillworkingonthebestmethodtointegrateelectronicinkintothatprocess.Toavoidhavingto;;oftinywiresoneachpage,theinkitself;beconductive.Suchinkwasrecentlydemonstratedinthelabbuthasyettobeproducedinvolume.“Essentially,”notesJacobson,“We’retryingtoprintchips.”?
     Jacobsonisconfident,however,thatthiscanbedoneonalargescale.IfJacobson,hewillhavemadethebookforthe21stcentury.?
     6.;tothepassage,whichbookistheonlybookyou’lleverneed?
     A.TheBible.B.Asinglevolume.?
     C.NewAgetome.D.Anelectronicbook.?
     7.Aboutelectronicbook,whichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrue?
     A.Itcancontainalibraryof;oreverytitleontoday’sbest?sellerlist.?
     B.Althoughweknowthebasictechnology,wecan’tseeitforsalenow.?
     C.ThelaptopneedsalotofpowertokeepLCDscreenswork,andthosescreenshave?
     D.Youcanchangethetitleandthecontentintheelectronicbookasyoulike.?
     8.Whatisthepremisebehindaprojectofthe;InstituteofTechnology?
     A.Electronicink.B.Electronicbook.?
     C.Laptop.D.LCDscreen.?
     9.WhatisthemaindifferencebetweenanelectronicbookandaLCDscreen?
     A.Thepowertheyneed.?
     B.Theportabilitytheyto.?
     C.Theconveniencetheymake.?
     D.Thecontenttheystore.?
     10.Itwillbeafewyearsbeforewecanseeelectronicbookforsale;____.?
     A.wehaven’tmasteredthemanufacturingtechnologyyet?
     B.theelectronicinkwhich;beconductivecouldn’tbeproducedinlargescale?
     C.theelectronicbookwillbetooexpensivetobuy?
     D.youcan’ttakeanelectronicbookwithyouanywhere? 3?
     The centenary of the birth of William Faulkner, one of the great modern novelists, was celebrated in September, 1997. Faulkner wrote about the southern states of the United States of America where he grew up, and where his family had an important part to play in the history of that region. His work became a touchstone for insights into the troubled issues of southern American identity, race relations, and the family interrelationships of the old?time southern gentry.?
     Faulkner was born in New Albany, Mississippi on September 25, 1897. Despite his interest in writing, he left Oxford High School, Mississippi, without graduating. After World War Ⅰ, he entered the University of Mississippi as a special student, a right to study which was granted to war veterans, al
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