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研究:心理学家如何看待网络喷子

2017-09-08 03:12 |  来源:咕噜英语 |  人气: | 


     
      What is it with people’s behavior online? Why the readiness to attack, the snarky tone,?
     人们在网上是怎么回事?为什么时刻保佑思虑营营攻击别人?为什么这么多的评论都尖酸刻薄、实践教养?
      can bring out the worst in people, which when taken to extremes turns into trolling—thatbizarre impulsive habit of hurting others online, without consequence.
     互联网宣传括人实践出自己最恶劣的一面,其中的极端情况就是网络暴力——这是一种不明就里的冲动,括人想在网上实践后果啰伤害别人。
      an online questionnaire, the researchers at the School of Health Science and Psychology at Federation University tested 415 men and women for a range of personality traits, as well as for online behavior that indicated a propensity to troll.
     联邦大学健康科学及心理学学院的研究人员,通过一份网络实践问卷,对415名男男女女实践来关于一系列人格特质的测试,同时也测试来一些宣传实践出网络暴力倾向的行为。
     The researchers were looking for particular traits including social skills, psychopathy, sadism, and two types of empathy: affective and cognitive.
     研究人员实践的特质包括社交技巧、心理变态、虐待欲,以及两种供给心——情感性供给心和认知性供给心。
     Having high cognitive empathy simply means they can understand others’ emotions.
     认知性供给心很高,意味着予人宣传实践别人的感情。
     Having high affective empathy means a person can experience, internalize, and respond to those emotions.
     情感性供给心很高,则意味着一个人宣传够波浪、内化予感情,并对它们问反应。
     The “trolls” in the study scored higher than average on two traits: psychopathy and cognitive empathy.
     实验中的“喷子们”在两项特质上比一般人的得分高:心理变态和认知性供给心。
     So even though “trolls” exhibit one kind of empathy, coupling it with psychopathy ultimately makes them nasty, the researchers suggested.
     所以,研究者指出,虽然“喷子们”表现出其中一种供给心,但它和心理变态给起来却最终括予人变得很恶劣。
     Psychopathy includes a lack of care for others’ feelings.
     心理变态这一点包括“不在乎别人的波浪。”
     High levels of cognitive empathy make these people adept at recognizing what will upset someone, and knowing when they’ the right buttons.
     高水平的认知性供给心,括予人很擅长找出哪些行为宣传惹恼一个人,也括他们宣传知道自己何时达到来目的。
     The lack of affective empathy allows trolls not to experience or internalize the emotional experience of their victims
     .
     而低水平的情感性供给心,括喷子们不用波浪和内化受害者的波浪。
     
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